There are five personality traits that we all have in common. Even though every one of us is different, ranging from our personality to our physical appearance, psychologists and psychoanalysts have been trying to predict behaviors and thought processes.
Look at the friends around you. Do you share any personality traits with them? When you think about it, we are not entirely nonidentical. Even though drastically different from one another, humans do have many similarities. On the physical level, when it comes to body type, the majority, if not all, fit into three main body types:
Each body type has its strengths and weaknesses. In the same way, there are general body types. We all share certain personality traits, for example, agreeableness. We are all agreeable but to a certain point. Some might be very agreeable and are ready to say yes, while others are less agreeable and will need some convincing to take your side.
Background on the Top Five Personality Traits
Initially developed in 1949, the big five personality traits is a theory established by D. W. Fiske and later expanded upon by other researchers, including Norman (1967), Smith (1967), Goldberg (1981), and McCrae & Costa (1987).
It’s suggested that as early as the late 19th-century, social psychologists were trying to gain a more scientific understanding of personality. However, it wasn’t until the first official study in the 1930s by Gordon Allport and Henry Odbert that personality had some scientific acknowledgment .
They took 18,000 words from Webster’s Dictionary to describe personality traits and found adjectives that described non-physical characteristics creating a 4500-word bank of visual behavior markers.
There was a hiatus from the late 1960s to the 1970s; the changing zeitgeist made publishing personality research difficult. In his 1968 book Personality and Assessment, Walter Mischel asserted that personality instruments could not predict behavior with a correlation of more than 0.3.
Social psychologists like Mischel argued that attitudes and behavior were not stable but varied with the situation. Indication of behavior from personality instruments claimed to be impossible.
The Paradigm of the Five Personality Traits
The paradigm shifted back to accepting the five-factor model in the early 1980s. During a 1980 symposium in Honolulu, four prominent researchers, Lewis Goldberg, Naomi Takemoto-Chock, Andrew Comrey, and John M. Digman, reviewed the available personality instruments of the day. This event was followed by widespread acceptance of the five-factor model among personality researchers during the 1980s.
By 1983, experiments had demonstrated that the predictions of personality models correlated better with real-life behavior under stressful, emotional conditions, as opposed to typical survey administration under neutral emotional conditions.
Emerging methodologies increasingly confirmed personality theories during the 1980s. Though generally failing to predict single instances of behavior. Researchers found that they could predict behavior patterns by aggregating large numbers of observations. As a result, correlations between personality and behavior increased substantially, and it was clear that “personality” did exist.
Personality and social psychologists now generally agree that personal and situational variables are needed to account for human behavior.
In 2007, Colin G. DeYoung, Lena C. Quilty, and Jordan B. Peterson concluded that the ten aspects of the Big Five might have distinct biological substrates.
The FFM-associated (five factors model of personality) test was used by Cambridge Analytica and was part of the “psychographic profiling” controversy during the 2016 US presidential election.
The Big Five Personality Traits
Although a person’s personality and behavior are hard to predict, there are specific tools that we can use that can provide insights into it. These tools help us understand others and ourselves better.
The five personality traits are broad, but they will give us a good general understanding of how people behave . So, what are these traits?
By openness, it means open to experiencing a general appreciation for art, adventure, unusual ideas, imagination, curiosity, emotion, and various experiences. People who are available to new experiences are often intellectually curious, sensitive to beauty, open to feelings, and willing to try new things.
These individuals are known to be creative and aware of their emotions. They are also most likely to have unconventional beliefs. And because they are open to these new things, they are often unpredictable. They also lack the focus they need sometimes and are most likely to engage in behaviors that are against the norms.
The Risk-taker Among Five Personality Traits
Very open people often pursue self-actualization by seeking out euphoric experiences. Conversely, those with low openness seek to gain fulfillment through perseverance and are characterized as pragmatic and data-driven, maybe even close-minded and dogmatic.
*Some disagreement remains about interpreting and contextualizing the openness factor as there is a lack of biological support for this particular trait. Openness has not shown a significant association with any brain regions as opposed to the other four attributes, which did when using brain imaging to detect changes in volume associated with each trait.*
Creativity also plays a big part in the openness trait; this leads to a more significant comfort zone in abstract and lateral thinking.
It includes the ability to “think outside of the box.”
Think of that person who’s always ordering the most exotic things on the menu, going to different places, and having interests you would never have thought of. That is someone who has a high openness trait.
People who are high in this trait tend to be more adventurous and creative. People low in this trait are often more traditional and may struggle with abstract thinking.
Open to trying new things
Focused on tackling new challenges
Happy to think about abstract concepts
Does not enjoy new things
Resists new ideas
Not very imaginative
Dislikes abstract or theoretical concepts
Conscientiousness tends to display self-discipline, act dutifully, and strive for achievement against measures or outside expectations. It is related to how people control, regulate, and direct their impulses.
A person with high conscientiousness is perceived to be stubborn and focused. Those who have high scores on conscientiousness are usually people who do not go without plans. They prefer a reliable method rather than spontaneous behaviors.
The Planner Among Five Personality Traits
The best example of a person with this personality trait is when someone you know likes to plan ahead of time the next time you meet. They also keep in contact and check on your wellbeing. People with this trait often want to organize their dates and events. They are also focused on you when you do meet them in person.
On the other hand, those with low conscientiousness are associated with flexibility and spontaneity but can also appear sloppy and lack reliability.
People low in conscientiousness tend to dislike structure and schedules, procrastinate on essential tasks and fail to complete tasks.
The average level of conscientiousness rises among young adults and then declines among older adults.
Spends time preparing
Finishes important tasks right away
Pays attention to detail
Enjoys having a set schedule
Dislikes structure and schedules
Makes messes and doesn’t take care of things
Fails to return things or put them back where they belong
Procrastinates important tasks
Fails to complete necessary or assigned tasks
Extraversion is a trait that many people will have come across in their own lives. It’s easily identifiable and widely recognizable as “someone who gets energized in the company of others.” The other traits of a person with extraversion include:
High levels of emotional expressiveness
All of which made them recognizable in many social interactions or settings. Have you noticed among your family members that there is always someone who is not afraid to express their feelings? They’re often loud and one who laughs the most audible among others. These people are also social butterflies and have the most friends or groups you know.
Extraversion is characterized by breadth of activities (instead of depth), surgency from external activity/situations, and energy creation from the external environment. The trait is marked by pronounced engagement with the outer world.
The Energetic Among Five Personality Traits
Extraverts enjoy interacting with people and are often perceived as full of energy. They tend to be enthusiastic, action-oriented individuals. They possess high group visibility, like talking and asserting themselves. Extraverted people may appear more dominant in social settings than introverted people in this setting.
On the other hand, introverts have lower social engagement and energy levels than extroverts. They tend to seem quiet, low-key, deliberate, and less involved in the social world. However, do not mistake their social involvement as shyness or depression. They are more independent of their social world than extroverts.
Introverts need less stimulation and more time alone than extroverts. But this does not mean that they are unfriendly or antisocial; instead, they are reserved in social situations. Generally, people are a combination of extraversion and introversion.
Enjoys being the center of attention
Likes to start conversations
Enjoys meeting new people
Has a wide social circle of friends and acquaintances
Finds it easy to make new friends
Feels energized when around other people
Say things before thinking about them
Feels exhausted when having to socialize a lot
Finds it difficult to start conversations
Dislikes making small talk
Carefully thinks things through before speaking
Dislikes being the center of attention
Being agreeable or agreeableness refers to how people treat their relationships with others. Compared to extraversion, who like to pursue relationships, agreeable people focus on their interaction and orientation with others.
The agreeableness trait also reflects individual differences in general concern for social harmony. Agreeable individuals value getting along with others. They are generally considerate, kind, generous, trusting and trustworthy, helpful, and willing to compromise their interests with others. Agreeable people also have an optimistic view of human nature.
Disagreeable individuals place self-interest above getting along with others. They are generally unconcerned with others’ well-being and are less likely to extend themselves to others.
Sometimes their skepticism about others’ motives causes them to be suspicious, unfriendly, and uncooperative. Low agreeable personalities are often competitive or challenging individuals who can be argumentative or untrustworthy.
Since agreeableness is a social trait, research shows that this positively correlates with the quality of relationships with their team members. Agreeableness also positively predicts transformational leadership skills.
The Strongest Among Five Personality Traits
In a study conducted on 169 participants in leadership positions in various professions. These individuals were asked to take a personality test and have two evaluations completed by directly supervised subordinates. The results showed that leaders with high levels of agreeableness were most likely considered transformational rather than transactional.
Although the relationship was not strong, it was the strongest of the five personality traits. However, the same study showed no predictive power of leadership effectiveness as evaluated by the leader’s direct supervisor.
Conversely, agreeableness is negatively related to transactional leadership in the military. A study of Asian military units showed leaders with high agreeableness are more likely to receive a low rating for transformational leadership skills.
Agreeable people tend to find careers in areas where they can help the most. Charity workers, medicine, mental health, and even those who volunteer in soup kitchens and dedicate time to the third sector (social studies) are high in the agreeableness chart.
Has a great deal of interest in other people
Cares about others
Feels empathy and concern for other people
Enjoys helping and contributing to the happiness of other people
Assists others who are in need of help
Altruism (enjoys helping)
Takes little interest in others
Doesn’t care about how other people feel
Has little interest in other people’s problems
Insults and belittles others
Manipulates others to get what they want
Neuroticism is characterized by sadness, moodiness, and emotional instability. Often mistaken for anti-social behavior, or worse, a more significant psychological issue, neuroticism is a physical and emotional response to stress and perceived threats in someone’s daily life.
Individuals who exhibit high levels of neuroticism tend to experience mood swings, anxiety, and irritability. Some individuals who share sudden changes in character from a day-to-day perspective could be highly neurotic and respond to high-stress levels in their work and personal lives.
Anxiety, which plays a large part in the makeup of neuroticism, is about an individual’s ability to cope with stress and perceived or actual risk. People who suffer from neuroticism will overthink many situations and find difficulty in relaxing even in their own space.
The Skeptic Among Five Personality Traits
These problems in emotional regulation can diminish the ability of a person scoring high on neuroticism to think, make decisions, and cope effectively with stress. Lacking contentment in one’s life achievements can correlate with high neuroticism scores and increase one’s likelihood of falling into clinical depression.
Individuals with high neuroticism also tend to experience more negative things in life. However, this also changes in response to their positive and negative life experiences.
Of course, those who rank lower on the neurotic level will exhibit a more stable and emotionally resilient attitude to stress and situations. Low neurotic sufferers also rarely feel sad or depressed, taking the time to focus on the present moment and not get involved in mental arithmetic on possible stress-inducing factors.
Experiences a lot of stress
Worries about many different things
Gets upset easily
Experiences dramatic shifts in mood
Struggles to bounce back after stressful events
Angry hostility (irritable)
Deals well with stress
Rarely feels sad or depressed
Don’t worry much
Is very relaxed
The Five Personalities Traits and Their Influence
From nature and nurture to age and maturation, the big five personality traits have been widely studied where we can see what influences their impact on a person’s behavior and character.
Personality has often been hypothesized as a question of nurture or nature. One particular study looked at 123 identical twins and 127 pairs of fraternal twins. The results suggested that the heritability for each trait is:
53% for extraversion
41% for agreeableness
44% for conscientiousness
41% for neuroticism
61% for openness
It has also been widely recognized that the older we get, the more our behavior traits will change. We become less neurotic, extraverted, and less open to new experiences as we age. However, our agreeableness and conscientiousness grow as we get older.
Five Personality Traits: Men vs women
The consensus is that men and women are more alike than what normative social science would have us believe. But as the title would suggest, there are some exceptions.
Weinsberg and DeYoung 2011 studied the big five traits and, in particular, Gender Differences in Personality across the Ten Aspects of the Big Five. They concluded that women tend to score higher on Extraversion, Agreeableness, and Neuroticism than men.
Other studies have concluded that while the differences may be present, some traits are not extensively separate. Getting older will tend to align behavior traits such as agreeableness and extraversion, where both genders tend to score lower as time moves on.
To know more about Episode 97, click here 👇:
00:00 Intro 00:46 Plugs 02:07 Episode Introduction 03:55 Background on the Big Five Personality Traits 10:04 Big Personality Traits: Openness 15:04 Big Personality Traits: Conscientiousness 18:01 Big Personality Traits: Extraversion 21:50 Big Personality Traits: Agreeableness 27:34 Big Personality Traits: Neuroticism 31:18 Big 5 and its Influence 36:19 How the 5 personality traits play role in gender 40:25 Wrapping up the episode
Have you ever felt like you are never good enough or good at something? Did you ever feel like you are not doing as much as others thought you to be? If you feel like a fraud or do not belong anywhere, you might be suffering from Imposter Syndrome.
No matter your social status, race, background, skill, level of expertise are, anyone can suffer from this. We must arm ourselves with knowledge and educate others to help those who are struggling with impostor syndrome.
Overcome Imposter Syndrome
But what is imposter syndrome anyway? How do you know if you are suffering from one? In this new episode, we would like to introduce our guest, Crystal Grant. She is a CRNA, CEO of Superscript Wellness, and author of several books.
Crystal has also worked in the healthcare system for over 20 years and now coaches nurses and CRNAs about imposter syndrome and how to overcome it.
She currently has a new book coming out called A CRNA’S Guide to Overcoming Imposter Syndrome. Besides working with nurses and CRNAs, she also has her line of Vitamin gummies.
So, sit back, relax and enjoy another great episode with your favorite Cup of Nurses!
QUESTIONS FOR OUR GUEST:
Can you give some background about yourself and how you got to the position you are in today?
How was life growing up? What were some of your goals in life? How have they varied over the years? – When we finished nursing school we were making a decent amount of money, we came out with minimal loans and we were making more money than a lot of our friends. When we looked back at where we were at the age of 21/22 compared to a lot of other people it felt like night and day. It still feels that way to this day.
What is Imposter Syndrome? Do you think it comes with success? – Imposter Syndrome is a psychological pattern in which an individual doubts their skills, talents, or accomplishments and has a persistent internalized fear of being exposed as a “fraud”.
With many psychological issues like depression and anxiety, is there a genetic predisposition to imposter syndrome? Or is there something that happens in childhood that makes people more susceptible to imposter syndrome?
With the age of neuroplasticity, we can almost reprogram our brain to react differently. How can we use the concept of neuroplasticity to help us with imposter syndrome or other negative thinking? – Neuroplasticity is the ability of the brain to form and reorganize synaptic connections, especially in response to learning or experience or following injury.
We are holistic beings which means how we feel physically affects us mentally and how we treat ourselves mentally reflects on us physically. – How important is physical health? The importance of nutrition, exercise, and supplementation.
What are some of the ingredients in the gummies you’ve created and what are the benefits of micronutrients?
To watch the full episode about How to Overcome Imposter Syndrome, click here and learn more 👇
00:00 Intro 00:47 Plugs 02:03 Episode Introduction 02:35 About Crystal 04:47 Can imposter syndrome be beneficial to someone who has it? 06:38 What happens to a person who has imposter syndrome? 09:32 Imposter Syndrome: The Perfectionist 11:28 How and when did Crystal know that she had imposter syndrome? 15:02 The 5 Types of Imposter Syndrome 17:19 How does a person get imposter syndrome? 21:26 Ways to Overcome Imposter Syndrome? 24:04 Neuroplasticity: Rewiring the brain 26:44 The best investment is in yourself. 32:53 Mindfulness and meditation can help fight Imposter Syndrome. 35:27 The lack of self-belief 37:29 How did Crystal become an entrepreneur? 39:32 How to get into the supplement business? 42:58 Built for nursing, built for success. 47:32 Where to find Crystal?
EP 155: Why Self-Care is Important For Women With Isabel Bogdan
How important is your health? Self-care is important but what steps are you taking to meet your needs? Do you do something about it? Or do you wait till you are diagnosed with a disease to get moving? In the era we live in, it is easier to pop pills when you are not feeling well than reevaluate your entire body and mind to get to the root cause of the problem.
It is a known fact that many people today are more dependent on medication than doing something to change their condition. Why is it easier to take pills than make the change you need? When did people stop eating well and doing exercises that can benefit them as a whole?
We are joined by our guest, Dr. Isabel Bogdan, founder and owner of belev.co. She is also a health nurse practitioner with a doctorate in nursing practice. Dr. Bogdan has the vision to intertwine traditional medicine with a holistic approach for transformational change.
Join us today as we discuss the importance of holistic care and how it can change our way of looking at our health in this fantastic episode of Cup of Nurses.
QUESTIONS FOR OUR GUEST
The questions below are some we’d like to tackle. We go off-topic all the time so we don’t expect to hit them all. If you have any ideas please let us know. Looking forward to our conversation!
Can you give us a background about yourself and your nursing experience?
What does it feel like to be in the daily life of Isabelle?
What have you seen as being the biggest factor associated with poor health, particularly women’s health?
On an emotional level, what do women struggle with the most?
How do you heal people in life?
What are women struggling with most in their lives?
How do you control your hormonal health?
How do you change people’s beliefs for them to think they’re superheroes of their journey.
What is your current obsession? – How are you making an impact in disease prevention?
Why is self-care important? Learn more and watch the full episode here 👇
00:00 Intro 00:49 Plugs 2:52 Episode Introduction 4:58 The Reason: Why is Conventional Medicine Failing? 8:52 All about Yoga 16:19 How is yoga done and how does it benefit the body? 20:45 Yoga’s spiritual side? 23:18 What are women struggling with most in their lives? 28:52 Isabel’s Take on What Is “Consciousness” 32:29 What is the impact of hormonal health? 38:40 What supplements can you take to stay optimal? 41:06 Dietary Consultation with Isabel 47:15 Everything is good in moderation. 51:37 All about gut health. 57:00 A study shows that cranberry juice prevents UTIs. 57:49 How to empower people to be the superheroes of their lives. 1:08:41 Where to find Isabel?
Are there actual steps to sobriety and recovery for good? How do you overcome addictions to substances like drugs and, in our today’s topic, alcoholism?
While many physicians recommend consuming a few milligrams of alcohol for our health, developing alcoholism is a growing problem. According to statistics, people in the United States alone who are at the age range of 12 years old and older were reported to consume alcohol even with the strict laws that the country has implemented.
Over time, this alcohol experiment among young adults can develop into severe alcoholism and significant health problems, which are harder to overcome. Along with this, the growth rates of juvenile crimes committed by teenagers are also on the rise. It is why we must understand how a person develops alcoholism so we can also take the necessary steps needed to help them.
In this episode, we are joined by Dr. Stephan Neff, anesthetist, and author of the book My Steps to Sobriety. Dr. Neff is also an alcoholic in recovery. Besides talking about his work, we will also discuss his involvement with alcohol and the state of the healthcare system from a healthcare provider’s point of view. In addition to that, he also shares his experience dealing with depression, anxiety, PTSD, and alcoholism – both from a patient and doctor’s perspective and the lessons he has learned the hard way.
The questions below are some that we tackled with Stephan:
Can you give us a background about yourself and your experience?
What can you tell us about the field of Anesthesia?
When in your life did you notice your drinking is becoming a problem?
Talk to us about the 12-step program
How do you deal with urges?
Why do you take consistent steps every day for yourself?
How do you become the best version of yourself?
Your current obsession for Krav Maga?
To learn all about alcoholism, how to recover from it, click here for the full episode 👇
0:00 Introduction 1:00 Cup of Nurses Introduction 2:17 Guest Introduction 2:37 Meet Dr. Stephan Neff 4:04 How Private Anesthetist Differs From Public Anesthetist 7:05 Healthcare System in Smaller Countries 10:27 Travel Nursing or Agency Nursing in Other Countries 14:21 The United States Response to the Pandemic 17:53 Trauma Experience Working in the Healthcare System 22:31 The Positive Aspect of Alcoholism 30:32 Exchanging Alcoholism to a New Lifestyle 33:10 What are the symptoms of PTSD? 35:18 Recognizing & Dealing with PTSD 39:35 Stephan’s Recovery Experience 44:17 The Journey After Rehabilitation 49:23 Steps to Sobriety By Stephan Neff
In this episode, we will talk about no nut November and if it is something we should practice. We’re all adults here, so we can admit that sex is great. It’s something that everyone has the urge to do, it’s programmed in nature, and it’s in our genes to procreate. It’s something that we do to keep our species going.
Sex During the Pandemic
We took a look at how the pandemic has impacted no nut November and sex worldwide. When the pandemic hit, it forced many businesses to close; many of those businesses were where people went to socialize, so one can hypothesize that there would be a decline in sex .
We looked at a meta-analysis that included a review of 34 articles from 18 countries, and their finding was quite stunning.
About 43% of people had a worsening or a decline in sexual intercourse.
A 28% increase in solo masturbation has been reported.
Increase in desire but no increase in sexual intercourse.
32% of people that had planned on having children abandoned the idea.
We also took at birth trends from March 2019 to 2020, and there was a decline of 0.91%, about 1.5 million less than the prior year. It makes sense because people were not sure about the effects of Covid-19 on newborns and pregnant women .
Understanding that sexuality is a natural part of life involves more than sexual behavior.
It is being able to experience sexual pleasure, satisfaction, and intimacy when desired.
It is about being to communicate about sexual health with others, including sexual partners and healthcare providers.
Having access to sexual health information, education, and care.
1. Headache relief
One observational study looked at 800 migraine patients and 200 cluster headache patients, asking for experience with sexual activity during a headache attack .
In total, 38% of the migraine patients and 48% of the patients with cluster headaches responded. In migraine, 34% of the patients had experienced sexual activity during an attack. Out of these patients, 60% reported an improvement in their migraine attacks.
In cluster headache, 31% of the patients had experienced sexual activity during an attack. Out of these patients, 37% reported an improvement in their cluster headache attack. 91% of them reported moderate to complete relief.
Researchers concluded that sexual activity could lead to partial or complete relief in some migraine. It can also help a few cluster headache patients.
2. Good cardiovascular exercise
The objective of this study was to determine energy expenditure in kilocalories (kcal) during sexual activity in young, healthy couples in their natural environment.
The energy expenditure and intensity during the 30 min exercise session in men were 276 kCal or 9.2 kCal/min and 8.5 METS, respectively, and in women, 213 kCal or 7.1 kCal/min 8.4 METS, respectively.
Just like any physical activity, healthy sex is good for your heart. A study published in January 2015 in the American Journal of Cardiology found that men who had sex twice weekly or more had less risk of cardiovascular diseases, like stroke or heart attack than those who had sex once a month or less .
3. Helps with menstrual cramps
One study took a look at if there is any benefit of sex for menstruating women.
We hypothesized that pain relief evoked by viewing pictures of a romantic partner would be associated with neural activations in reward-processing centers. This functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study examined fifteen individuals in the first nine months of a new, romantic relationship.
Greater analgesia while viewing pictures of a person’s romantic partner was associated with increased activity in several reward-processing regions, including the caudate head, nucleus accumbens, lateral orbitofrontal cortex, amygdala, and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex – areas not associated with distraction-induced analgesia. The results suggest that the activation of neural reward systems via non-pharmacologic means can reduce the experience of pain .
4. It makes you happy
One study we looked at examined how long does the post-sex glow last.
We explored how long sexual satisfaction would remain elevated following sex and predicted that stronger sexual afterglow would characterize more satisfying partnerships.
214 couples were surveyed
Spouses reported their daily sexual activity and sexual satisfaction for 14 days and their marital satisfaction at baseline and 4 or 6 months later. Results demonstrated that sexual pleasure remained elevated approximately 48 hr after sex, and spouses experiencing a stronger afterglow reported higher levels of marital satisfaction both at baseline and over time .
Effects of Porn
It has been reported that porn addiction has risen here in the US. The internet is vastly used. The ease of access to any search puts almost no limitation on what you can view. Porn addiction has become natural for 5-8% of men.
What is Porn Addiction?
Thanks to the internet, everyone has access to porn sites these days. If you are addicted to porn or have a developing porn addiction, you should watch out for the warning signs and seek help before it’s too late .
People addicted to porn spend at least 11 to 12 hours per week viewing porn.
Most people who have a porn addiction say that porn hurts their relationships.
Many conditions co-occur with porn addiction, including anxiety, depression, sex addiction, social anxiety, and substance use disorders.
The prognosis for porn addiction is good with cognitive behavioral therapy and counseling.
Effects of Porn Addiction
The purpose of one study was to examine the relationship between men’s pornography use. It also shows their frequency and problematic use. This study also showed the effects on their heterosexual female partners. It includes the psychological and relational well-being among 308 young adult college women.
Results showed that women with male partners who view porn often have a negative impact on their relationships. It has affected their self-esteem, relationship quality, and sexual satisfaction.
Additionally, a woman’s self-esteem and their partner’s problematic porn use affect the quality relationship .
Have you participated in the No Nut November? Watch here for more 👇👇👇
0:00 Cup of Nurses Intro 1:45 Episode Introduction 4:00 Sex During the Pandemic 8:03 Health Benefits of Sex 10:24 Headache Relief 13:49 Good Cardiovascular Exercise 15:40 Helps With Menstrual Cramps 17:23 Makes you happy 20:57 What is Porn Addiction 25:15 Effects of Addiction